Any product can face a slow-down in demand as time flies by. Exceptions to the rules always exist, and ever since mobile became internet friendly, the demand has only increased.
Apps have been developed for all purposes serving single purposes, and their distribution is governed by Apple App Store, Google Play Store, etc.
The main issue is that these apps are subjected to constant attacks by hackers, malicious ware, and viruses. It has now become evident that app security breaches are possible, and it is the Developer’s duty to protect all App and the data contained within.
Found below are ten measures that they can adopt to mitigate app security threats.
1. Encrypting the source code.
The objective of mobile malware is to search for design vulnerabilities and the bugs that exist within it. Apart from the design, it is the source code.
These malicious codes in intent are always on the attack, and hackers have found it very convenient to release apps called ‘ Rogue Apps ‘ that look similar to other popular apps.
2. Limitations to an understanding of specific platforms:
Coding for multiple operating systems should be done only after the security features are understood. Along with that, you need to consider
- Password support
- Encryption support
- Scenarios that differ with the user
- OS dependency for geolocation.
Considering all these, the App can be distributed across all platforms.
3. Data security to be secured
It is usual for unstructured data to accumulate and stored in the storage section when the mobile accesses confidential data.
If mobile data is encrypted, that can be used to gather the data using a sandbox. This can be effectively carried out by
- by using file-level encryption among the multiple operating systems
- Usage of SQLite DEMs (Database Encryption Modules).
4. MAM/ MDM for Support Integration. :
One secure and proven method to get rid of threats relating to devices and apps and which is prevalent in many organizations now are the solutions offered through
- Mobile Device Management (MDM) &
- Mobile App Management (MAM).
Using these two solutions, the company’s can
- establish app stores and ensure orderly distribution.
- App and device data can be destroyed from a remote location
- Employee’s apps can be secured within many layers of security.
- App security would be maintained at the highest level through usage of MAM and MDM as they receive inbuilt support.
5. Data-in-transit to be secured;
A lot of information transmitted from the client to the servers at the back-end may also contain sensitive ones. It is crucial to protect such sensitive information, which can be accomplished using VPN tunnels or SSL.
The developers can use these methods to ensure against theft and eavesdropping.
6. Complete prevention of data leakage:
It is on a thorough understanding and premises that a user is willing to use your App. Based on these, brands and businesses impart personal information. In other words, you are in possession of user data, and you have to follow the ethics of not allowing such confidential data to be leaked to hackers or, for that matter, to business vendors malicious in nature.
7. Back-end Secured:
It is wrong to assume that an app written to access many back-end APIs can only access and interact with them.
It is mandatory and not the Developer’s prerogative to place security and protect against malicious attacks.
For this purpose, all the APIs should be verified, which you will develop codes for before placing them on the mobile platform.
The Developer should be aware that API authentication and transport mechanisms would not be similar throughout all platforms.
8. Cryptography Techniques which are the latest to be used.
Cryptography algorithms, even though a very popular trend to get outdated as the requirements exceed the expectations of the past. A classic example is the MDS and SHA1.
The algorithm security must remain updated.
Along with this, using
- AES with 256 bit
- SHA- 256 (hashing)
If this is not enough, testing manually on how far one can penetrate along with threat modeling and, after entirely satisfying, release the App.
9. Sensitive data minimization:
The fact is that hackers are always behind data that are important and sensitive. They are always in pursuit of such sensitive data developing new programmes to hack and steal.
The Developer should think ahead and come up with innovative ideas of preventing these sensitive data from being stored in the servers or the device, thus minimizing risk levels. Usage of
- encrypted data containers
There is a lot of information exchanged every day, and these are maintained as logs for future reference. These, too, contain leads to sensitive information, and it best to set up an automatic timer beyond which the records would get deleted.
10. Routine QA’s along with Security checks.
Last but not least, the app security needs to be tested against scenarios that are randomly generated. Deployment should follow after this test only.
To further this, it would not be wrong to give the key to the thief. A hacker can be asked to test the App for back door entry, and he may surprise you with a Security’ breach you never expected.
Google, Microsoft, Apple follow this system but with a slight twist. They challenge hundreds of hackers, and in case the latter succeeds, prize money is given to the successful hacker!
The bottom line is that the apps are made perfect before deployment.
Developers are entrusted with two major tasks. One would be the development of the App and its performance. The second is known as app security features.
Such measures have been outlined above and should stand in good stead.
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